House dust allergy is one of the most common allergic diseases. One of the biggest sources of this is blankets. It is an allergy to mites that we commonly see in our homes on the household items such as blankets and pillows. In other words, people with house dust allergies live with their enemies in the same environment. Patients with allergies should be protected from mites in the blankets, pillows, carpets, armchairs, and all the textile products. For this reason, children with house dust allergies should be cared with some precautions in their living areas and be protected from mites.
Blankets can cause dust mite allergy. Mites are creatures that are found in textile items such as blankets that are too small to be seen and cause allergies. We cannot see it, but they never leave us alone. Apart from blankets, house dust mites live on beds, pillows, bedding, carpets, downy toys, fabric furniture, and curtains. For this reason, if there is an allergy, removing the blankets at home and using washable blankets at 60 degrees once a week instead will greatly reduce allergies.
Since mites live and multiply in many places, such as blankets, in the house, it is difficult to reduce them, it is not possible to destroy them. They like humid environments above 55%. It is their stools, not themselves, that cause allergy. They don’t fly in the air. For this reason, they are mixed with the air when cleaning is the main problem. Anti-allergic mattress, mattress cover, and similar products you will use will increase your quality of life. When you have a complaint, you should consult a child allergy specialist and, if necessary, have an allergy test. Child allergists carry out diagnosis and treatment for children with house dust mite allergy and mite allergy. However, it is still necessary to stay away from allergens and take precautions to prevent allergic attacks.
Chemical and physical methods to reduce mites are not very effective in reducing asthma symptoms. For this reason, spray, powder, or liquid chemicals that kill house dust mite are not highly recommended. It may be beneficial not to stay in a humid house, to ventilate the house frequently. You should not put boiling water on the stove or wet cloth at home. Such applications increase the humidity of the house and create a suitable environment for house dust mite. It may be recommended to move to those who live on the ground floor or in very humid houses. When cleaning at home, the child may be advised to stay in another room or wear a mask. Anti-allergic blankets are effective for children in house dust mite allergies. Because there are 2-3 million house dust mites in the bed. Depending on the weaving properties of these covers, house dust mites cannot pass through these covers.
Blankets, bed sheets, and mattress covers should be washed once a week and curtains every 3 months at 55-60 degrees and ironed. It is more convenient to remove the carpets and cover the floor with a parquet that can be wiped, especially in the room where the child is staying. It is not suitable to cover everywhere with carpet. In the living room, it may be appropriate to use hairless rugs that can be washed in a washing machine. Seats can be recommended to be made of leather or plastic. It may be beneficial to remove the fluffy or filled fabric toys or wash them at 55-60 degrees once a week or keep the refrigerator in the bottom freeze or freezer once a week for 24 hours. It may be appropriate to remove old books that hold dust and keep unused items in cabinets. It is recommended to use a 2-layer vacuum cleaner with HEPA filter. Among all these precautions, using an antiallergic blanket is the most effective and although other measures are recommended, there is no clear evidence of their clinical effectiveness.
Dust Mites Living in Blankets Cause Allergy
Mites are small creatures with a diameter of 0.1 – 0.5 mm, which are not visible but visible under a microscope. The ideal conditions for their living are 20-30 ° C temperature and 60-70% humidity. They feed on people’s shedding skin cells, hair, dandruff, and other organic matter. No matter how clean it is, the places where house dust mites in every house reproduce intensely are people’s blankets, mattresses, pillows, quilts, and carpets. There are approximately 19,000 mites in one gram of house dust.
Mites feed on dead cells shed from the skin. The feces left by the mites dry out over time and turn into a fine powder, and when this fine dust is inhaled, it causes complaints in allergic individuals. The most important allergen source of mites is feces. The presence of mite allergens in 1 gram of house dust over 2 micrograms is considered as a risk factor for the development of allergies and over 10 micrograms are considered as a risk factor for an asthma attack. Body proteins and feces of mites are allergic. Chances of living in mites where the humidity is below 50% and above 60 degrees of heat are reduced. They are allergic all year round, as they are the most common domestic allergens and are always in the environment. Of course, in winter, when the time spent in the home and indoor environment increases, the signs of allergic diseases increase.
Allergy to house dust mites is also known as dust allergy. In 9% of the society, it was determined that there is sensitivity to house dust mites. House dust mites mostly live in downy carpets, pillows, and bed quilts. When mites are inhaled or touched the skin, people with mite allergies experience symptoms of asthma, allergic cold, and eczema, or increased symptoms. The residues of the house dust mites, especially their stools, are in fact allergenic, that is, the substances that cause allergies are especially their stools. With the contact or inhalation of these allergens by allergic people, an increase in complaints such as runny nose and sneezing is observed in those with allergic fever when they go to bed at night, especially in the morning, when entering a dusty environment and in carpeted environments. Again, in allergic asthma patients, cough, shortness of breath, and asthma attack development may occur when entering these environments. Allergic children may start coughing while playing on the floor, or their complaints may increase when playing with furry toys, this may attract parents’ attention, the physician should be informed. Similarly, an increase in skin findings, which we call atopic dermatitis, may be seen in these environments.
Dust mites live mostly in hot, humid, and dark environments. It feeds on skin rashes that shed from us and our pets. They are abundant in 20-30 ° C temperature and 60-70% humid environments. The heat and humidity of the outdoor environment are also important in the reproduction of house dust mite. While mites are less common in dry climates and high altitudes, they are found more frequently in areas with the seaside and high humidity. For example, in the Pacific and Atlantic coast regions, where the humidity is high, there is a high rate of mite allergy in patients with allergic asthma, while this rate decreases in those living in Central US. Although house dust mites can be found in all textile items, the most common places in the home environment are bedding, quilts, bed linens, bed linen and pillow covers, woolen materials such as blankets and carpets, curtain and fabric-covered furniture, furry animals, furry toys. The reason for mites to be found in pillows and quilts is the high number of human skin rashes that they can feed on.
People sleep on average 8 hours a day. About a third of human life is asleep. For this reason, it is very important to clear the bedroom from mites. House dust mites die within 1 hour above 55 ° C. For this reason, bed linen should be changed at least once a week by washing at 60 ° C. It will be beneficial to use special protective covers that prevent mite permeability. Carpet in the bedroom should never be kept. Curtains should be made of synthetic fabric that can be washed in 60 ° C hot water. There should be no woolen blankets or toys that can hold plush-style dust. In the bedroom, there should not be more items, ie as few items as possible.
Apart from the bedrooms, other rooms in the house should be avoided from velvet and feathered furniture, and the seats should be chosen from leather or synthetic fabric. Curtains should be made of washable fabric, or a fully synthetic wipe blind. The amount of carpet should be kept at the lowest possible level, machine washable rugs should be preferred instead of carpet. The surface covered with fabric should be as little as possible. The house should be frequently vacuumed with a vacuum cleaner and wiped with a damp cloth. Some vacuum cleaners redirect mite allergens to the environment with discharge air. The vacuum cleaner to be preferred should be HEPA filter or water-absorbing. Humidity should be kept low at home.
Things to Watch Out for Dust Mite Allergy Caused by Blankets
If you are allergic to house dust mites and mold fungus spores;
- Replace everything organic made in your bed with synthetic ones. Do not use bedding, quilts, pillows, sheets, and bedspreads made from materials such as cotton, wool, horsehair, down, meadow horse. Instead, use those made of synthetic material such as nylon, fiber, sponge,
- Fully protect your bed in a zippered, synthetic cover, wash this cover often or vacuum the bed (vacuum cleaner),
- Blankets should be washable and should be put into the duvet cover,
- Ventilate or shake the sheets and bedspreads in the sun every day,
- Change the pillow face and linen every week and wash at 60 ° C,
- Remove any dust-holding items from the bedroom. Especially do not use carpets and rugs. It is not appropriate to store blankets, woolen things, felt hats, or other dust-holding items in the built-in wardrobes in the bedroom. Keep cabinet doors closed,
- Do not open windows during periods of intense air pollution,
- Do not keep thick fabric or velvet curtains or furniture covered with them in your home. It is recommended that the flooring is wooden, the furniture is made of wood or metal. It is absolutely inconvenient to cover the rooms, especially the bedrooms, all over with a carpet,
- Washable cotton curtains or blinds type curtains should be preferred,
- The allergic patient should not sit on fabric-covered furniture, sofa, carpet or rug for a long time. Cotton, nylon or synthetic covered, rubber reinforced items are the best,
- Especially the bedroom should be damp and 18 ° C,
- Do the cleaning with a vacuum cleaner or clean the room 1 or 2 times a week with a damp cloth, wipe the floors with a wet cloth. If possible, the patient should stay away from rooms during cleaning and for 3-4 hours after cleaning,
- Use liquid detergent instead of powder detergent, avoid sharp scented cleaning agents.
- Never feed pets (including birds) and grow plants at home,
- Do not use any kind of spray, naphthalene, heavy scented materials. Do not smoke and prohibit smoking at home,
- If there are any, clean the air conditioner and heater space frequently,
- If possible, get someone else to do things like dusting or shaking, if not use a mask.
If you have asthma;
- You should avoid the allergen detected by the allergy test,
- When there are complaints;
- You should avoid deep breathing,
- Exercise and
- Various sports activities,
- Excessive laughter can also sometimes cause complaints.
- You should breathe through the nose, not the mouth.
- Do not be in humid and moldy environments.
- Drink plenty of water if you have phlegm.
- Get enough rest and sleep.
- It should not go out on the streets when there is very cold and air pollution; if you have to get out, you should close your mouth and nose,
- You should not use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (rheumatism drugs), aspirin and propranolol group drugs,
- Avoid excessive water vapor and odorous volatile chemicals (bleach etc.),
- You should avoid people who have had an upper respiratory infection and be protected from such infections.
Pay Attention to the Blanket, Mattress and Pillow: Dust Mite Allergy
Pediatric Health and Disease Experts warned about the common hay fever disease in children in spring and gave information about the measures to be taken. Experts asked that children with allergies, especially in this season, should be kept away from dusty environments and that things like bedding, pillows, and blankets should be avoided.
Stating that the most important symptoms of allergy can be manifested by a runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, and itching in your mouth, the Pediatric Health and Disease Experts explained the situation as follows: “We call it seasonal rhinitis allergic to the pollen type seen in spring. It may be due to some insects. These are called perennial allergic rhinitis. Allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis and urticaria eczema are also common. Allergic rhinitis and urticaria eczema are also frequently seen. Cases of untreated allergic rhinitis carry a risk for asthma ”.
After determining the allergic catarrh, the experts, who recommend keeping children away from the substance and environments they are allergic to first, said, “If you are allergic to pollen, you should stay away from vineyards, garden trees and grass areas in spring. If going to these areas, a mask can be worn for protection. If you are allergic to house dust again, you should not use blankets, carpets, thick curtains at home. You should also stay away from things such as bedding, pillows, and blankets made of wool.”
Stating that there is no cure for hay fever and that there are some medications used to reduce the attacks in times of increasing complaints, Pediatric Health and Disease Experts say: “Allergic catarrh is a case in one in every five people in the world. This phenomenon has been proven in scientific studies. It is only necessary to increase the awareness of people on this issue and it is necessary to differentiate this situation especially from cold and flu. If our complaints take a week, they may be due to the flu. However, if we have complaints such as nasal congestion, runny nose, and sneezing for more than two weeks, the condition should definitely be evaluated by a specialist physician. ”
More Information on Dust Mite Allergy
House dust mites live in dark, humid, and hot environments. House dust mites in all houses, no matter how clean, are most often found on blankets, beds, pillows, bedding, carpets, downy toys, plush toys, and curtains. There are approximately 19 thousand house dust mites in 1 gram of house dust, of which approximately 500 are alive. This figure increases to 10 million in a bed used for 5 years. Various measures are taken when detecting house dust mite sensitivity in children with allergic diseases. However, in light of the latest information, how these measures are beneficial in preventing and controlling the disease, we wanted to re-evaluate this issue briefly. It was first discovered in 1967 that mites are the most important source of house dust allergens. Later, mite sensitivity was found to be very high with asthma by using mite allergens in skin and blood allergy tests. The importance of the complaints of the patients with asthma improved in the environments cleared of mites.
There are different stages of protection from house dust mites. Is there any benefit in protecting the child before the symptoms of the disease arise in preventing the emergence of the disease? The available information indicates that the measures taken do not. However, it shows that it is more useful in reducing or controlling the findings in people with allergic diseases. The most important place in house dust mites is the child’s bedroom. Because the child spends the longest time there and it is possible to make changes in the most effective way. There are several ways to prevent excuse for house dust mites:
- Blankets and bed linen are recommended to be washed in 60 ° C water every 1-2 weeks. However, it is stated that washing in warm water provides almost the same effect. Dryers are also effective in killing house dust mites.
- In addition, it is necessary to remove the carpets if possible and reduce the furniture, curtains, and clothing with upholstery.
- HEPA filters should be used for cleaning the room air. These filters are very effective in cleaning the air coming from outside but have no effect on the mites in the room.
- The humidity of the room should be 45-50%, steam appliances should not be used. The house should be ventilated occasionally when the humidity is low.
- All-over carpet covering should be avoided and carpet use should be kept to a minimum. Because carpets are the most important source of mites, and even modern vacuum cleaners are insufficient to remove mite allergens in the carpet. If possible, rugs should be preferred. The carpets should be cleaned twice a week with a vacuum cleaner. Steam cleaners with HEPA filter vacuum cleaner have been found to be very effective in cleaning mites. Another method is to beat the carpets under the sun.
- In addition, fabric furniture should be kept to a minimum, especially if the humidity cannot be controlled.
- While cleaning at home, the mask should be worn and not enter the room for at least 20 minutes.
Reducing mites with various precautions does not prevent sensitization against house dust mites in non-patients, but shows that it is effective in preventing the symptoms of the disease and providing control in people who are sick.
House dust mites are microscopic insects that live in dead skin cells that regularly shed from humans and pets. Dust mites are harmless to many people; they do not carry disease but can cause allergic reactions for asthma patients and those who are allergic to the feces of such creatures. Reactions can occur in various ways, from eye itching to an asthma attack, depending on the person and duration of exposure. Fully enclosed antiallergic blankets provide excellent protection against allergy-causing bacteria and dust mites. Blankets enriched with anti-allergic, anti-bacterial, silver protected, breathable, and waterproof polyurethane membrane do not give dust mites and bacteria no chance.
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